Important Research on Intensive Outpatient Programs

We constantly stay on-top of the latest findings from the research and higher education communities. There is still a lot to be learned about how to make Intensive Outpatient Programs more effective.

McCarty, D., Braude, L., Lyman, R., Dougherty, R., Daniels, A., Shoma Ghose, S., Delphin-Rittman, M.; Substance Abuse Intensive Outpatient Programs: Assessing the Evidence; Psychiatric Services; 2014

Simth, G., Ruiz-Sancho, A., Gunderson, J.; An Intensive Outpatient Program for Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder. Psychiatric Services 52, 2001

Raskin R, Novacek J, Bahlinger D, et al: A model for evaluating intensive outpatient behavioral health care programs. Psychiatric Services 47:1227–1232, 1996

Gottheil, E., Weinstein, S., Sterling, R., Lundy, A., Serota, R.; A Randomized Controlled Study of the Effectiveness of Intensive Outpatient Treatment for Cocaine Dependence. Psychiatric Services 49, 1998

Weinstein SP, Gottheil E, Sterling RC: Randomized comparison of intensive outpatient vs individual therapy for cocaine abusers. Journal of Addictive Diseases 16:41–56, 1997

Washton AM: Evolution of intensive outpatient treatment (IOP) as a “legitimate” treatment modality edtl). Journal of Addictive Diseases 16:xix–xxv, 1997

McAuliffe WE, Albert J: Clean Start: An Outpatient Program for Initiating Cocaine Recovery. New York, Guilford, 1992

Gottheil E. Intensive outpatient treatment: methods and outcomes. Journal of Addictive Diseases 16:xv–xix, 1997

McLellan AT, Hagan TA, Meyers K, et al: “Intensive” outpatient substance abuse treatment: comparisons with “traditional” outpatient treatment. Journal of Addictive Diseases 16:57–85, 1997

Substance Abuse: Clinical Issues in Intensive Outpatient Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, no 47. Rockville, Md, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 2006

ASAM Patient Placement Criteria for the Treatment of Substance-Related Disorders (ASAM PPC-2R). Chevy Chase, Md, American Society of Addiction Medicine, 2001

National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS): 2011. Data on Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities. BHSIS Series S-64, HHS pub no SMA-12-4730. Rockville, Md, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2012

Rychtarik RG, Connors GJ, Whitney RB, et al: Treatment settings for persons with alcoholism: evidence for matching clients to inpatient versus outpatient care. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 68:277–289, 2000

Weithmann G, Hoffmann M: A randomized clinical trial of in-patient versus combined day hospital treatment of alcoholism: primary and secondary outcome measures. European Addiction Research 11:197–203, 2005

McKay JR, Alterman AI, McLellan AT, et al: Effect of random versus nonrandom assignment in a comparison of inpatient and day hospital rehabilitation for male alcoholics. Journal of Consulting and

Clinical Psychology 63:70–78, 1995

McLellan AT, Hagan TA, Meyers K, et al: “Intensive” outpatient substance abuse treatment: comparisons with “traditional” outpatient treatment. Journal of Addictive Diseases 16:57–84, 1997

Harrison PA, Asche SE: Comparison of substance abuse treatment outcomes for inpatients and outpatients. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 17:207–220, 1999

Pettinati HM, Meyers K, Evans BD, et al: Inpatient alcohol treatment in a private healthcare setting: which patients benefit and at what cost? American Journal on Addictions 8:220–233, 1999

Finney JW, Hahn AC, Moos RH: The effectiveness of inpatient and outpatient treatment for alcohol abuse: the need to focus on mediators and moderators of setting effects. Addiction 91:1773–1796, 1996

Cole SG, Lehman WE, Cole EA, et al: Inpatient vs outpatient treatment of alcohol and drug abusers. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse 8:329–345, 1981

Armor DJ, Polich JM, Stambul HB: Alcoholism and Treatment. New York, Wiley, 1978

Edwards G, Guthrie S: A controlled trial of inpatient and outpatient treatment of alcohol dependency. Lancet 1:555–559, 1967

Emrick CD: A review of psychologically oriented treatment of alcoholism. II. The relative effectiveness of different treatment approaches and the effectiveness of treatment versus no treatment. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 36:88–108, 1975

Saxe L, Dougherty D, Esty K, et al: The Effectiveness and Costs of Alcoholism Treatment. Washington, DC, Office of Technology Assessment, 1983

Sells SB, Simpson DD: Studies of the Effectiveness of Treatments for Drug Abuse, vol 5: Evaluation of Treatment Outcomes for 1972–1973. DARP Admission Cohort. Cambridge, Mass, Ballinger, 1976

Finney JW, Moos RH, Wilbourne PL: Effects of treatment setting, duration, and amount on patient outcomes; in Principles of Addiction Medicine, 4th ed. Edited by Ries RK, Fiellin DA, Miller SC, et al. Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009

National Voluntary Consensus Standards for the Treatment of Substance Use Conditions: Evidence-Based Treatment Practices. Washington, DC, National Quality Forum, 2007

A model for evaluating intensive outpatient behavioral health care programs. Psychiatric Services. 47, 1996.

Nagy PD (ed): Intensive Outpatient Treatment for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse. Treatment Improvement Protocol series 8. Rockville, Md, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 1994

Arana, J., Hastings, B., Herron, E.; Continuous care teams in intensive outpatient treatment of chronic mentally ill patients. Psychiatric Services, 42, 1991.

Outpatient alcohol detoxification: initial findings on 564 patients. The American Journal of Psychiatry. v. 132, 1975.

Steln, B., Orlando, M., Sturm, R.; The effect of copayments on drug and alcohol treatment following inpatient detoxification under managed care. Psychiatric Services. V51, 2000

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